Investigating the Relationship between Online Learning Self-Efficacy and Digital Literacy During Covid-19 Pandemic

İnan Karagül B., Şeker M., Aykut Kolay C.

International Conference on Lifelong Education and Leadership for All / ICLEL 2021, Sarajevo, Bosnia And Herzegovina, 24 - 26 August 2021, pp.21

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Summary Text
  • City: Sarajevo
  • Country: Bosnia And Herzegovina
  • Page Numbers: pp.21
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Covid-19 has brought serious challenges to education along with many different sectors. Within the educational context, the main difficulties experienced so far have been reported  to be challenges related not only to mechanical impediments such as technology or infrastructure, but to methodological and personal features like lack of motivation or online learning/teaching experiences. The abrupt transition from face-to-face to online education created the need for some specific abilities; namely, online self-efficacy and digital literacy on the side of the learners at all levels of education. In this context, this mixed-method study aims to investigate the relationship between online learning self-efficacy and digital literacy of learners during Covid19 pandemic. The study also investigated whether age was a significant variable. The sample consisted of 506 participants representing different school levels and age groups. While the quantitative data for the study was collected through online questionnaires, the qualitative data was gathered from a smaller representative sample (n=20) via online interviews in order to unravel the learners’ challenges related to online learning. Suggestions have been made in the light of the findings of the study. Keywords: Online, self-efficacy, digital literacy, covid 19 pandemic