Experimental investigation of BIPV/T application in winter season under Şanlıurfa's meteorological conditions

Demir Y. C., AKTACİR M. A.

IET RENEWABLE POWER GENERATION, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1049/rpg2.13014
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), Communication Abstracts, Compendex, Computer & Applied Sciences, Greenfile, INSPEC, Metadex, Directory of Open Access Journals, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Considering that nearly 39% of the total CO2 emission released into the atmosphere today are thought to be due to the energy consumed by buildings, the importance of taking measures through buildings to combat global warming is evident. Therefore, the concept of nearly zero-energy buildings (NZEB) is come to the forefront. Building integrated photovoltaic thermal (BIPV/T) systems are used to enable buildings to generate their own energy. However, buildings have limited facade and roof areas required for BIPV/T systems. Therefore, in this study, various configurations of bifacial (double-sided) and monofacial (single-sided) panels were compared to investigate ways to enhance the efficiency of BIPV/T systems. Different air flow velocities and varying air gap distances were tested for both panel types. By placing a reflective surface on the wall behind the bifacial panel, the electrical efficiency of the bifacial panel was increased and proven through PVsyst analysis. Both panels provided maximum heat efficiency at the shortest air gap distance under high air flow conditions. In addition, it was shown in both the experimental setup and Comsol CFD analysis that it provides significant benefit in the thermal energy load of the building when heating the interior environment in winter. In terms of electrical power production surplus, the bifacial panel outperformed the monofacial panel in all configurations, with a minimum advantage of 8.33% and a maximum of 12.73%. Additionally, the maximum electrical efficiency was obtained from the bifacial panel in configurations with the longest air gap distance. Using the bifacial panel in the BIPV/T system with the shortest air gap distance during the heating season and the longest air gap distance during other seasons can provide the highest efficiency for the building throughout the year. In the conducted study, two building integrated photovoltaic thermal (BIPV/T) systems were installed on the south facade of a container in & Scedil;anl & imath;urfa, with one system consisting of bifacial panels and the other system consisting of monofacial panels, both having the same power capacities. To enhance the efficiency of BIPV/T systems, various parameter studies were conducted by comparing bifacial and monofacial panels. These parameter studies have been validated through PVsyst and CFD analyses. image