Experimental investigation of inclined liquid water jet flow onto vertically located superhydrophobic surfaces

Kibar A. , Karabay H. , Yiğit K. S. , Ucar I. O. , Erbil H. Y.

EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS, vol.49, no.5, pp.1135-1145, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s00348-010-0864-6
  • Title of Journal : EXPERIMENTS IN FLUIDS
  • Page Numbers: pp.1135-1145


In this study, the behaviour of an inclined water jet, which is impinged onto hydrophobic and superhydrophobic surfaces, has been investigated experimentally. Water jet was impinged with different inclination angles (15A degrees-45A degrees) onto five different hydrophobic surfaces made of rough polymer, which were held vertically. The water contact angles on these surfaces were measured as 102A degrees, 112A degrees, 123A degrees, 145A degrees and 167A degrees showing that the last surface was superhydrophobic. Two different nozzles with 1.75 and 4 mm in diameters were used to create the water jet. Water jet velocity was within the range of 0.5-5 m/s, thus the Weber number varied from 5 to 650 and Reynolds number from 500 to 8,000 during the experiments. Hydrophobic surfaces reflected the liquid jet depending on the surface contact angle, jet inclination angle and the Weber number. The variation of the reflection angle with the Weber number showed a maximum value for a constant jet angle. The maximum value of the reflection angle was nearly equal to half of the jet angle. It was determined that the viscous drag decreases as the contact angle of the hydrophobic surface increases. The drag force on the wall is reduced dramatically with superhydrophobic surfaces. The amount of reduction of the average shear stress on the wall was about 40%, when the contact angle of the surface was increased from 145A degrees to 167A degrees. The area of the spreading water layer decreased as the contact angle of the surface increased and as the jet inclination angle, Weber number and Reynolds number decreased.