Extrusion of EN AW-2014 alloy in semisolid state

Birol Y., GÜVEN E. A. , Capan L. J.

MATERIALS SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.27, no.12, pp.1851-1857, 2011 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1179/1743284711y.0000000048
  • Page Numbers: pp.1851-1857


The potential of forming EN AW-2014 alloy in semisolid state was investigated. The EN AW-2014 slugs were partially melted at 610 degrees C, to a liquid fraction of similar to 15%, before they were extruded into a solid bar with a diameter of 16 mm. The ram speed used in this process was much lower than that employed in thixoforging of the same alloy to maximise heat removal from the slug and to fully solidify the liquid fraction by the time the extruded bar exits the die. The high solid fraction employed was also of help in this regard. Forming during extrusion under these conditions took place largely via rotation of the alpha-Al globules over one another, producing a remarkable microstructure of predominantly uniform globular alpha-Al grains. The forming load was at least an order of magnitude smaller with respect to that measured during hot extrusion of the same alloy, underlining the benefits of extruding the hard to form 2XXX alloys in semisolid state. Having been largely drained of its liquid, the final part of the preheated slug, however, failed to enjoy extrusion under such favourable conditions. The large extrusion deformation and temperatures well above the liquidus point have led to dynamic recrystallisation, which is responsible for the equiaxed, instead of fibrous, grain structure in this region.