JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH, vol.52, no.1, pp.83-88, 2017 (SCI-Expanded)
Article / Article
JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH
Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
dental calculus, heavy metal accumulation, ICP-MS, smoking, KOREAN NATIONAL-HEALTH, CADMIUM ACCUMULATION, ICP-MS, OXIDATIVE STRESS, TRACE-ELEMENT, LEAD, EXPOSURE, SMOKING, TEETH, TOXICITY
Kocaeli University Affiliated:
Background and ObjectiveVarious trace elements, including toxic heavy metals, may exist in dental calculus. However, the effect of environmental factors on heavy metal composition of dental calculus is unknown. Smoking is a major environmental source for chronic toxic heavy metal exposition. The aim of this study is to compare toxic heavy metal accumulation levels in supragingival dental calculus of smokers and non-smokers.