Strive for Existence of Srebrenıca Bosnian Refugees in Their Homeland

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Uğurkan E.

Turkish Studies - Economics Finance Politics, vol.15, pp.2493-2508, 2020 (Refereed Journals of Other Institutions)

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 15 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.47644/turkishstudies.45822
  • Title of Journal : Turkish Studies - Economics Finance Politics
  • Page Numbers: pp.2493-2508


In Bosnia and Herzegovina, the war ended with the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement (DBA). One of the most important processes after the war was the return of displaced refugees to their homelands. One of the most striking settlements in these returns was Srebrenica, where the genocide took place. Moreover, DPA and Srebrenica were left under the rule of the Bosnian Serb Republic (BSR). Many aspects of the returns to Srebrenica have been emphasized. One is humanitarian and the others are discussed in terms of the integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the importance of continuing the existence of Bosnian identity in Srebrenica. Despite the genocide in Srebrenica, a significant number of Bosniaks have embarked on a struggle for existence, both with returns and in local government to increase their effectiveness in Srebrenica. Although Bosniak refugees returned to Srebrenica, most of them were dysfunctional returns. The most important factor in dysfunctional returns is the insufficiency of economic conditions and the BSC's view of returning Bosniaks as a threat to their own existence. There is a risk that dysfunctional returns may pose a threat to Bosniak identity in Srebrenica after a certain period of time. In Srebrenica, an attempt is made to construct a new Srebrenica due to the absence of the Bosnian population. Silent genocide is still going on in Srebrenica. For this reason, the return of Bosniak refugees to Srebrenica and their struggles to be effective in the local administration are discussed in the context of returns. On the other hand, the Denial of genocide in Srebrenica by both the Bosnian Republika Srpska and the local government in Srebrenica, despıte the decision of the international criminal court, causes the Bosniaks in Srebrenica to approach both administrative structures with suspicion. This negatively affects the culture of reconciliation between peoples. As the second genocide that took place after the Second World War, the Western powers should adopt a similar attitude towards the deniers of the Bosnian genocide in Srebrenica. In addition, Srebrenica, where the Bosniak population is dense, will connect the BSR to Bosnia and Herzegovina with stronger ties. Thus, it will make a significant contribution to Bosnia and Herzegovina's mixed multicultural structure as a minority return.

BH, Srebrenica, Bosniaks, BSR, Refugees, Migration, Returns, DPA