Investigation of Hemodynamic Receptors of the Internal Carotid Artery Segments


Yener M. D. , Çolak T. , Bamaç B. , Öztürk A. , Rencber S. H. , Yazır Y.

ARTERY RESEARCH, vol.27, no.4, pp.167-175, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 27 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s44200-021-00005-7
  • Title of Journal : ARTERY RESEARCH
  • Page Numbers: pp.167-175
  • Keywords: Internal carotid artery, Cavernous sinus, Brain hemodynamics, CAVERNOUS SINUS, ION CHANNELS, TRP CHANNELS, NEURONS, BRAIN

Abstract

Objectives Internal carotid artery (ICA), the main artery of the brain, passes through the cavernous sinus (CS) which forms one of these venous pools. During this transition, while there is arterial blood in the lumen of ICA, its outer surface is in contact with venous blood from the brain. Herein, we aimed to detect the receptor differences of ICA in this highly specialized anatomical region of the skull base. Methods We performed the study on 10 human cadavers and searched CGRPR, TRP12, ASIC3 and ACTHR receptors via immunostaining using laser scanning confocal microscopy. Results We determined TRP12 receptor positive in the tunica media and tunica adventitia layers of the cavernous segment of ICA. We did not detect similar positivity in the cervical part of the ICA. In the receptor scan we made in terms of CGRPR, while we detected positivity in the tunica media layer of the cavernous segment, we found positivity in the tunica intima layer of the cervicalis segment of the ICA. We did not detect any positivity for ASIC3 and ACTHR receptors in both parts of the ICA. Conclusions As a result, we observed various differences in receptors between ICA segments. While the outer surface of the ICA in the cervical region did not show any receptor positivity, we detected TRP12 receptor positivity along the tissue contour of vessel in the CS. We assume that it may provide a new perspective on pathologies of the CS/ICA and preservation of brain hemodynamics for clinicians.