Kaluza-Klein gravity and cosmology emerging from G. Perelman's entropy functionals and quantum geometric information flows

Bubuianu I., Vacaru S. I. , Veliev E.

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS, vol.136, no.2, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier


We elaborate on quantum geometric information flows, QGIFs, and emergent (modified) Einstein-Maxwell and Kaluza-Klein, KK, theories formulated in Lagrange-Hamilton and general covariant variables. There are considered nonholonomic deformations of Grigory Perelman's F- and W-functionals (originally postulated for Riemannian metrics) for describing relativistic geometric flows, gravity and matter field interactions, and associated statistical thermodynamic systems. We argue that the concept of G. Perelman W-entropy presents more general and alternative possibilities to characterize geometric flow evolution, GIF, and gravity models than the Bekenstein-Hawking and another area holographic-type entropies. Formulating the theory of QGIFs, a set of fundamental geometric, probability and quantum concepts, and methods of computation, are reconsidered for curved spacetime and (relativistic) phase spaces. Such generalized metric affine spaces are modeled as nonholonomic Lorentz manifolds, (co)tangent Lorentz bundles, and associated vector bundles. Using geometric and entropic and thermodynamic values, we define QGIF versions of the von Neumann entropy, relative and conditional entropy, mutual information, etc. There are analyzed certain important inequalities and possible applications of Perelman and related entanglement and Renyi entropies to theories of KK QGIFs and emergent gravitational and electromagnetic interactions. New classes of exact cosmological solutions for GIFs and respective quasiperiodic evolution scenarios are elaborated. We show how classical and quantum thermodynamic values can be computed for cosmological quasiperiodic solutions and speculate how such constructions can be used for explaining structure formation in dark energy and dark matter physics.