Metatarsal bone model production using 3D printing and comparison of material properties with results obtained from CT-based modeling and real bone


Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine, vol.237, pp.481-488, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 237
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1177/09544119231156829
  • Journal Name: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aerospace Database, Applied Science & Technology Source, Biotechnology Research Abstracts, CINAHL, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, INSPEC, MEDLINE, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.481-488
  • Keywords: Artificial bone, material properties, first metatarsal bone, 3D printer, bone modeling, SCAFFOLDS, PLA, SHEAR
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Using a real bone is very important to find correct results for the biomechanical studies. However, it is very difficult to find the real bone and sometimes artificial bone models can be preferred instead of real bone. The aim of this study is to obtain an easy-to-manufacture, easy-to-customize and inexpensive method the artificial first metatarsal bone model that is similar material properties with the real bone. 3D printer technology was used to produce the artificial bone model. First metatarsal bone was modeled using MIMICS software to produce and determined the mechanical properties. The bone mechanical properties were calculated via MIMICS software using computer tomography images. 3D bone models were produced in different infill density and infill pattern to determine the real bone mechanical properties using 3D printer. The infill density of the bone model was adjusted as 20%, 40%, and 60%. Five different infill pattern types were used as grid, cubic, triangle, trihexagon, and gyroid. The produced models were subjected to torsional test and the elasticity modulus of all models were obtained. The results of the elasticity modulus of all produced (artificial) and modeled (calculated) bone were compared and the optimum bone model was obtained. The optimum infill density and infill pattern was determined as 40% and trihexagon, respectively.