Lysinuric protein intolerance is an autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by defective transport of the cationic amino acids lysine, arginine and ornithine in the epithelial cells of the basolateral membrane in the small intestine and renal tubules. Mutations in the solute carrier family 7, member 7, SLC7A7, gene cause this multisystemic disease with a variety of clinical symptoms such as hepatosplenomegaly, osteoporosis, hypotonia, developmental delay, pulmonary insufficiency or end-stage renal disease. In the present study, genomic structure of SLC7A7 in six Turkish patients with lysinuric protein intolerance was examined in order to detect disease causing mutations by denaturing high pressure liquid chromatography and direct sequencing. Four novel mutations were identified in SLC7A7: c.223insGTC, p.Val74_Ile75insVal; c.283insTGG, p.Glu94_Thr95insTrp; c.344_347deITTGC, p.Leu115LeufsX53; and c.1099insT, p.Ile367TyrfsX16. Clinical and biochemical findings were evaluated together with these molecular analyses. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.