Thermodynamic and Environmental Analysis of Novel Cascade Refrigeration Cycles with Ejector and Intercooler for Ultralow Temperatures Using Eco-Friendly Refrigerants


Energy Technology, vol.12, no.1, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/ente.202300894
  • Journal Name: Energy Technology
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Applied Science & Technology Source, CAB Abstracts, Chimica, Compendex, Environment Index, Greenfile, INSPEC
  • Keywords: cascade cycle, ejector, energy and exergy, ultralow temperature
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


The present study introduces a novel cascade ejector intercooler refrigeration cycle (CEIRC) and a novel cascade ejector booster refrigeration cycle (CEBRC), which are designed to improve ultralow temperature (ULT) refrigeration system performance based on various refrigerants in terms of energy, exergy, and environment. Through the analysis conducted with eco-friendly refrigerants for CEIRC, the refrigerant pair exhibits the highest performance that is found to consist of RE170 for high-temperature cycles and R170 for low-temperature cycles. These refrigerants have very low global warming potential and are eco-friendly. The coefficient of performance (COP) reveals improvements of 3.20–9.51%, 10.55–19.12%, and 31.96–65.97% over the CEBRC, cascade ejector refrigeration cycle (CERC), and cascade vapor compression refrigeration cycle (CVCRC), respectively, resulting in corresponding exergy efficiency improvements of 3.18–9.49%, 10.48–19.12%, and 31.87–65.98%. The total compressor power and exergy destruction are also compared, indicating that the CEIRC exhibits the best performance among the four. CEIRC achieves a COP increase of 11.6% compared with the cascade refrigeration cycle, which is considered the cycle with the highest performance operating at ultralow temperatures in the literature, which is CERC. The kg CO2 effect of the CEIRC is 11.35% lower than that of the CERC.