INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY, vol.1, no.1, pp.1-12, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded)
Renewable energy sources have become an important issue due to global warming and the diminishing of fossil fuel resources that have become a major problem for the world. Fuel cells are one of the most important renewable energy systems. The use of metal foams within the scope of commercialization and cost reduction of fuel cells attracts attention today. Metal foams are a material that provides excellent performance in many engineering applications, especially in fuel cells, thanks to the high permeability provided by the porous structure, narrow flow channels, large specific surface area, capillary, and diffusive forces. Among the metallic foams, the focus is on the use of aluminum foam, due to its low cost, superior strength, and thermal conductivity performance properties as well as ease of production. As an alternative to gas diffusion layers, the use of different metallic foam materials in fuel cell systems and performance improvements were analyzed. The use of aluminum foams as flow distributors and electrodes in the anode diffusion layer, which is one of the DBHYP components, provides significant increases in cell performance, cell weight, and volume. It has been found that open-cell metallic foams used in fuel cell systems cause an increase in performance due to their positive effects on the amount of catalyst coating, flow characteristics, and electrical properties.