Energy and exergy analysis in the ejector expansion refrigeration cycle under optimum conditions


Hacıpaşaoğlu S. G., Öztürk İ. T.

International Advanced Researches and Engineering Journal, vol.7, no.1, pp.23-34, 2023 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)

Abstract

Refrigeration systems progress in parallel with the development of technology and the ways of saving energy in refrigeration systems are being researched. The literature suggests that incorporating ejectors in refrigeration systems can boost the coefficient of performance (COP) of the system. By utilizing ejector expansion, it is possible to improve the performance of the vapor compression refrigeration cycle (VCRC) by recapturing the expansion work that is typically lost during the expansion valve process. The present study investigation aims to contribute to the field of refrigeration by exploring the optimum pressure drop for three commonly utilized refrigerants. Specifically, the study scrutinizes the performance of an ejector based refrigeration cycle that incorporates a constant pressure mixing ejector. Utilizing the energy and exergy analyses are conducted to assess the systems performance with R134a, R600a, and R290 refrigerants across five distinct evaporator temperatures, namely 0°C, -5°C, -10°C, -20°C, and -30°C. The study further determines the optimum pressure drops in the secondary nozzle and the ejector area ratio at a specified condenser temperature, and examines the resultant total exergy destruction and exergy efficiency of the system. For R290 refrigerant; performance improvement ratio, decrease in total exergy destruction and exergy efficiency improvement ratios were found as 1.23, 54.02% and 22.97%, respectively. As a result, R290 is the most appropriate refrigerant for ejector expansion refrigeration cycle (EERC) among the refrigerants investigated as a result of the energy and exergy analyses.