Combined XPS and contact angle studies of flat and rough ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer films

Doganci M., Cansoy C. E., Ucar I. O., Erbil H. Y., Mielczarski E., Mielczarski J. A.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.124, no.3, pp.2100-2109, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 124 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.35189
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2100-2109
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: No


Flat and rough thin films were prepared by dip coating using LDPE, PVAc, and EVA polymers containing 1240% VA contents. Surface free energy of flat films was determined by measuring contact angles. Surface atomic composition was investigated by XPS at 0 degrees and 60 degrees take-off angles. XPS results show that hydrophobic PE component was found to enrich at the near-surface region for all EVA samples for a depth of similar to 5 nm for both flat and rough surfaces, whereas hydrophilic VA component was enriched on the surface when VA < 18% for only at 10 nm depth. The difference between the XPS results of the flat and rough surfaces was not significant for EVA samples except EVA-33 surface where the atomic oxygen content decreased 15-20% for rough surfaces. Contact angle hysteresis values for the rough samples were much larger than that of the flat samples for LDPE and EVA-12 surfaces due to the presence of partial trapping of air pockets on these rough surfaces. A good agreement was obtained between surface concentration of atomic oxygen in the 5 nm outermost layer and gamma S- surface free energy component especially for the samples having high VA contents. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012