Mesenchymal hamartoma is an uncommon cystic mass of the liver which occurs primarily in children. There are a few reports of its occurrence in adulthood. Here, we present two cases in female patients, 54 and 51 years old. Radiological examinations in both patients showed multiple cystic lesions in the liver. Surgically, total cystectomy was performed in the first patient, while an unroofing procedure was done in the second patient (due to misdiagnosis of the lesion as a simple cyst of the liver). On microscopic examinations of the lesion in each patient, a multilocular cyst was observed, lined by flattened epithelium and surrounded by a mesenchymal component composed of mature connective tissue, arterial and venous vascular structures, peripheral nerve bundles, and ductal structures. An immunohistochemical panel consisting of desmin, smooth-muscle actin, S-100, vimentin, CD34, carcinoembryonic antigen, pancytokeratin, cytokeratin 7, cytokeratin 8, cytokeratin 17, cytokeratin 18, cytokeratin 19, and cytokeratin 20 was applied to paraffin sections. Immunoreactivity for cytokeratin 7 and cytokeratin 19 was observed in cystic epithelium and ductal structures. Focal and patchy desmin immunoreactivity was observed in connective tissue. S-100 was positive only in peripheral nerve bundles. In conclusion, mesenchymal hamartoma of the liver in adulthood is a localized tumoral abnormality that precedes birth, and which has delayed clinical presentation. These lesions seems to be related to a maturation process. During this period of maturation, immature edematous stroma rich in mucopolysaccharides may convert to mature paucicellular hyalinized connective tissue. This maturation process may be also related to loss of premalignant potential of these tumors.