Removal of humic acid by fixed-bed electrocoagulation reactor: Studies on modelling, adsorption kinetics and HPSEC analyses


Kac F. U. , Kobya M., GENGEÇ E.

JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, vol.804, pp.199-211, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 804
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2017.10.009
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF ELECTROANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-211

Abstract

The performance of the fixed-bed electrocoagulation (EC) reactor using aluminium ball anodes has been investigated for the removal of humic acid (HA). Response surface methodology with four factors and three levels (Box-Behnken design) was used to create a set of 29 experimental runs needed for optimizing the operating conditions. Four operational parameters; initial pH (pH(i)): 4-8, current density (j): 2-10 mA/cm(2), EC time (t): 5-25 min and initial humic acid concentration (C-HA): 10-50 mg/L, were used as input parameters whereas, percentage dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV254 and color (VIS436) removals (y(1)-y(3)) and the adsorption capacity, q(0) (mg DOC/g Al produced or coulomb, y(4)) were used as responses of the system. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed a high R-2 correlation coefficients value (R-2 = 0.79) and satisfactory prediction for Quadratic regression models. The experimental results showed that under the optimum conditions of pH(i) = 4, j = 6 A/m(2), t = 25 min and C-HA = 30 mg/L, the EC process could effectively reduce DOC, UV254, and color as 90.8%, 96.5%, and 99.6%, respectively. Furthermore, the adsorption capacity of HA in the EC process was found to be 1740 mg DOC/g Al or 0.162 mg DOC/C. The results of the SEC showed that the affinity of the EC process is higher for the large molecular size fractions.