H-type tracheoesophageal fistula in an extremely low birth weight premature neonate: appearance on magnetic resonance imaging

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GÜNLEMEZ A. , ANIK Y. , Elemen L., Tugay M., Gokalp A. S.

JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY, vol.29, no.5, pp.393-395, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.1038/jp.2008.198
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF PERINATOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.393-395


Many diagnostic methods have been used to establish the diagnosis for a suspected H-type tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). In case of a strong assumption of an H-type fistula, besides all standard diagnostic work-up tools a more aggressive combined approach is advisable. However, in a critically ill premature infant, conventional invasive investigations could not be performed as being potentially hazardous and not always easy to achieve. We describe the unique imaging features of an H-type TEF on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Our case demonstrates that MR images could be used for diagnosis, and localization of an H-type TEF could be detected safely and accurately in a sick preterm infant. Journal of Perinatology (2009) 29, 393-395; doi:10.1038/jp.2008.198