JOURNAL OF CRANIOFACIAL SURGERY, vol.26, pp.2393-2395, 2015 (SCI-Expanded)
Objective:The authors aimed to evaluate the intraoperative features and the results of postoperative hearing gain successes of patients with tympanosclerosis who were treated surgically in our clinic.Material and Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on 151 ears with tympanosclerosis of 138 patients who operated because of chronic otitis media or only tympanosclerosis, between January 2007 and June 2014. They were evaluated by appealing complain, complain duration, accompanying systemic disorders, tympanic membrane condition, localization of sclerotic plaque, damage in ossicular chain, existence of cholesteatoma, operation procedure type, hearing reconstruction type, preoperative, and last postoperative audiometric findings in every frequency both bone and air way.Results:In the group of Wielinga-Kerr Group 3 (isolated stapes fixation), no statistically significant results were found in preoperative and last postoperative audiometric findings in every frequency both bone and air conduction (BC and AC) (P>0.05). In the Wielinga-Kerr Group some results had significant (P<0.05) and some results had highly significant (P<0.001).Conclusions:Patients with less impact on ossicular chain and limited localization of sclerotic plaques have better hearing gain. Although surgery is still controversial in tympanosclerosis; it is the most effective treatment till new effective medication is discovered.