in: Economic Issues: Global and Local Perspectives, Selçuk KOÇ,Sema YILMAZ GENÇ,Vahit Ferhan BENLİ, Editor, Cambridge International Science Publishing , Kocaeli, pp.44-55, 2019
Among the most important revolutions in terms of human history, first the agricultural revolution and then industrial revolutions are shown. Until today, three important industries revolution have been experienced and nowadays we are transitioning to a new industrial revolution that is mostly discussed. In this revolution, which is called the fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0), all memorization has begun to deteriorate and the human factor in the industrial field is almost destroyed. In fact, when we look at the general aspects of all industrial revolutions, we see that the revolutions are fundamentally affecting the whole human life. That is to say, it significantly influences all industrial areas rather than just a single industry branch or a single field of activity. For this reason, Industry 4.0 will affect human life as a whole, as in other revolutions. This study discusses how the accounting profession and accounting practices will be affected by Industry 4.0, how much and in what way. Therefore in study, first the concept of Industry 4.0 and then the content of Industry 4.0 are introduced. In the continuation of the research, the current situation of the accounting profession and its applications and what the profession waits together with Industry 4.0 are discussed.