TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, vol.7, no.5, pp.579-595, 2018 (Peer-Reviewed Journal)
The language spoken by societies throughout their history reveals the reflections about their life style. Therefore, language and cultural interaction provides important clues to analyze the sociological structure of societies. The literary style of an author is influenced by his/her ideology which is shaped by the period, the life of the society and the personal life of the author him/herself. Therefore, it can be said that the literary style is a conversion of ideas into literary works. This study of literary style is investigated within the scope of Structuralism (Saussure, 1949) and the Transfomational-generative grammar (Chomsky, 1964). These two theories are not sufficient enough to analyze and explain the Turkish language system. The critics of these is studied depending on 'the theory of language-thought analysis' (Avci, 2012). For this purpose, the sentences in the 'Grey' novel by Orhan Kemal were analyzed basically on meaning-centered approach, explored the factors that influence the literary style and tried to grasp the author's mentality. The novel is chosen specially for its being a social novel. Therefore the sentences in the novel 'Grey' were analyzed on the basis of meaning-centered approach. The data gathered by categorical content analysis were interpreted. In order to define the features that effects the literary style, the content analysis method was used and the data compared. In this research, when analyzing the language in use and literary style of the author in the novel, it is observed that the lack of deep structure of the novel is striking and it is a kind of reproducing the foreign languages. The study concluded that the author's literary style and basic mentality is not compatible with the society that he/she lives in, he/she leads to corruption of the syntax of the language and lost the touch with the realities of the Turkish society in the novel, as well.