Adsorption of U(VI) ions from aqueous solutions by activated carbon prepared from Antep pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) shells


Donat R., Erden K.

RADIOCHIMICA ACTA, cilt.105, ss.359-367, 2017 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 105 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2017
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1515/ract-2016-2637
  • Dergi Adı: RADIOCHIMICA ACTA
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.359-367

Özet

Antep pistachio (Pistacia vera L.) shells an abundant and low cost natural resource in Turkey was used to prepare activated carbon by physiochemical activation and carbon dioxide (CO2) atmosphere as the activating agents at 700 degrees C for 2 h. The adsorption equilibrium of U(VI) from aqueous solutions on such carbon has been studied using a batch system. The parameters that affect the U(VI) adsorption, such as particle size of adsorbent, contact time, of pH of the solution, and temperature, have been investigated and conditions have also been optimized. The equilibrium data for U(VI) ions' adsorption onto activated carbon well fitted to the Langmuir equation, with a maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 8.68 mg/g, The Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) isotherms have been applied and the data correlated well with Freundlich model and that the adsorption is physical in nature (E-a = 15.46 kJ/mol). Thermodynamic parameters [Delta H-s = 11.33 kJ/mol, Delta S = 0.084 kJ/molK, Delta G (293.15 K) = - 13.29 kJ/mol] showed the endothermic heat of adsorption and the feasibility of the process.