Optimization of transesterification for methyl ester production from chicken fat

Alptekin E. , ÇANAKCI M.

FUEL, cilt.90, ss.2630-2638, 2011 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 90 Konu: 8
  • Basım Tarihi: 2011
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.fuel.2011.03.042
  • Dergi Adı: FUEL
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.2630-2638


In this study, low cost feedstock chicken fat was used to produce methyl ester. After reducing the free fatty acid level of the chicken fat less than 1%, the transesterification reaction was completed with alkaline catalyst. Potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium methoxide and sodium methoxide were used as catalyst and methanol was used as alcohol for transesterification reactions. The effects of catalyst type, reaction temperature and reaction time on the fuel properties of methyl esters were investigated. The produced chicken fat methyl esters were characterized by determining their viscosity, density, pour point, flash point, acid value, methanol content, heat of combustion value, total-free glycerin, mono-di-tri glycerides, copper strip corrosion and ester yield values. The measured fuel properties of the chicken fat methyl ester met EN 14214 and ASTM D6751 biodiesel specifications when using potassium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide catalysts with high ester yield. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.