The Relationship Between Perceived Coaching Behaviours, Motivation and Self-Efficacy in Wrestlers

Sari I., Bayazıt B.

JOURNAL OF HUMAN KINETICS, vol.57, pp.239-251, 2017 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/hukin-2017-0065
  • Title of Journal : JOURNAL OF HUMAN KINETICS
  • Page Numbers: pp.239-251


The current study aimed to determine the relationship between perceived coaching behaviours, motivation, self-efficacy and general self-efficacy of wrestlers who competed in the Super National Wrestling League. The sample consisted of 289 wrestlers. The Self-Efficacy Scale was used to measure self-efficacy perception, the Sports Motivation Scale to measure the motivation of the athletes, the Leadership Scale for Sport to determine perceived leadership behaviours, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale to determine the general self-efficacy perceptions of the athletes. For data analyses, SPSS 17.0 software was used. According to the results of the regression analyses performed with the enter method, it was found that perceived training and instruction behaviour along with perceived social support behaviour significantly explained self-efficacy (adjusted R-2 =.03), intrinsic motivation (adjusted R-2 =.04) and amotivation (adjusted R-2-=.05). Also, perceived training and instruction behaviour (beta =.51), autocratic behaviour (beta = -.17) and social support behaviour (beta = -.27) significantly contributed to athletes' general self-efficacy (adjusted R-2 =. 10). In light of these findings, it may be argued that perceived training and instruction behaviour may be beneficial for self-efficacy, general self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, and amotivation. On the other hand, it could be stated that perceived autocratic behaviour may be detrimental for general self-efficacy of the athletes. As for social support behaviour, it may be suggested that it is negatively related to self-efficacy, general self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation. Lastly, a positive relationship was observed between perceived social support behaviour and amotivation in wrestlers. The results reveal the specific characteristics of wrestlers and suggest some implications for wrestling coaches.