The used automobile catalytic converter as an efficient catalyst for removal of malathion through wet air oxidation process


İŞGÖREN M. , GENGEÇ E. , VELİ S. , Hassandoost R., Khataee A.

International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 2021 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.08.020
  • Title of Journal : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
  • Keywords: Advanced oxidation processes, Catalytic wet air oxidation, Emerging concern pollutant, Malathion, Waste recycle

Abstract

© 2021 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLCThe automobile catalytic converter (ACC) contains a huge number of precious metals as catalysts. When an ACC fails to meet standards, it is removed from the exhaust of an automobile but retains some catalytic activity. However, the recovery and/or activation of this waste is a high-cost process and includes several chemical treatments. Catalytic wet air oxidation (CWAO) has been reported as an effective wastewater treatment method. The most important disadvantage of CWAO is cost-nonefficiency. Herein, to overcome these problems, the simple recovery of catalysts from waste ACC for reuse in CWAO was investigated. The optimum conditions of reaction were investigated through response surface methodology (RSM). The optimum removal efficiency was 88% when the reaction conditions were set on the 20 bar of pressure at 111.5 °C over 77 min and using 0.41 g of recovered catalyst. In addition, toxicity testing was performed on a model of malathion-contaminated wastewater before and after CWAO treatment. Final product identification was performed which showed that CWAO eliminated the toxicity of wastewater and was determined to be malaoxon, present at acceptable concentrations, and tributyl phosphate. In conclusion, there may be important potential for the use of recovered ACC catalyst in the treatment of toxic wastewater.