Health risk assessment of PCDD/F emissions from a hazardous and medical waste incinerator in Turkey

Karademir A.

ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL, vol.30, no.8, pp.1027-1038, 2004 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 30 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2004
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.envint.2004.05.008
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.1027-1038
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


A multimedia risk assessment procedure was conducted to determine the fate and transport of polychlormated dibenzo-p-dioxin and polyclilorinated dibenzofuran (PCDD/F) emissions from the Izmit Hazardous and Medical Waste Incinerator (IZAYDAS) in Turkey and their potential health risks. Congener concentrations in ambient air and their deposition rates were determined by an air dispersion model (ISCST3). Their transfer to some plant groups and animal tissues was predicted by food chain modeling. Exposure scenarios were produced based on three receptor groups (urban, semiurban, and rural) and five subgroups determined according to ages. Daily intakes of PCDD/Fs via exposure pathways were determined based on three different emission scenarios for each group and subgroup. Estimated incremental PCDD/ F doses caused by the incinerator emissions in central-tendency scenario were computed as between 2.31 X 10(-6) and 0.008 pg TEQ kg(-1) bodyweight (bw) day(-1) on average for all the receptors other than infants in all the settings, while the range was 3.01 X 10(-5) -0.081 pg TEQ kg(-1) bw day(-1) for infants. Sensitivity analysis showed that the consumption of vegetal products and their locally grown fractions are the most significant parameters in the exposure to PCDD/Fs in the area. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.