The wear of aluminium-based journal bearing materials under lubrication


MATERIALS & DESIGN, vol.31, no.5, pp.2532-2539, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 5
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.11.037
  • Title of Journal : MATERIALS & DESIGN
  • Page Numbers: pp.2532-2539


The aluminium-based alloys, nowadays, are developed to be used in high performance engine bearings. In this study, new Al-based bearing alloys, which are produced by metal mould casting, were developed; and tribologic properties of these alloys under lubrication were analyzed experimentally. Four different aluminium alloys were carried out on pin on disc wear tester for that purpose. SAE 1040 steel was used as the disc material in the wear tester. Friction tests were carried out at 0.231-1.036 N/mm(2) pressures and at 0.6-2.4 m/s sliding speeds. Wear tests were carried out at 1.8 m/s sliding speed and at 70 N normal load. Friction coefficients and weight losses of the samples were determined under various working conditions as a result of the experiments. The morphographies of the worn surfaces were analyzed. Hardness, surface roughness, and surface temperature of the samples were measured. The results showed that the friction and wear behaviors of the alloys have changed according to the sliding conditions. The effects of the elements except aluminium composing alloys on the tribologic properties were analyzed. Al8.5Si3.5Cu alloy has a lower friction coefficient value than other alloys. Al8.5Si3.5Cu and Al15Sn5Cu3Si alloys, on the other hand, have the highest wear resistance. Al15Pb3.7Cu1.5Si1.1Fe alloy is the most worn material; and Al15Pb3.7Cu1.5Si1.1Fe alloy has the highest wear rate. As a result of the evaluations conducted, Al-Sn and Al-Si alloys, which include Si and Sn, can be preferred, among the aluminium alloys that will work under lubrication, as the bearing material. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.