A Novel Reference Current Estimation Schema for Active Power Filters without Synchronization Signal


ÇAKIR M.

INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING-IREE, vol.7, no.4, pp.4684-4696, 2012 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 7 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL REVIEW OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING-IREE
  • Page Numbers: pp.4684-4696

Abstract

In this paper a novel synchronization method is proposed to obtain a reference signal for active power filters (APF), which is used to determine the fundamental component of the load current in-phase with the mains voltage, without any signal measurement for synchronization. The principle idea of this paper is based on the proposition that "the required minimum value of the mains current is the value at which the reactive power becomes zero". Therefore, the proposed reference signal extraction algorithm uses only the mains current. It is based on artificial neural networks (ANN) and when compared to the alternative methods, the proposed method comes forward with its simplicity in terms of hardware and software. In harmonic component extraction stage, an adaptive filter structure is used. Instead of common least mean squares (LMS) method, averaged least mean squares (A-LMS) method, which is generated by adding a moving average filter (MAF) block to the LMS algorithm, is preferred because it allows faster and more accurate determination of the fundamental harmonic component.