Photolytic and free-radical polymerization of monomethyl maleate esters of epoxidized plant oil triglycerides

ESEN H. , Kusefoglu S., Wool R.

JOURNAL OF APPLIED POLYMER SCIENCE, vol.103, pp.626-633, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 103 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/app.25155
  • Page Numbers: pp.626-633


Epoxidized soybean oil (ESO) was reacted with monomethyl maleate with AMC-2 catalyst. Monomethyl maleate was found to react with 65% of the available epoxy groups to give the monomethyl maleic esters of ESO (MESO). H-1-NMR, C-13-NMR, and IR spectra of the new derivative confirmed the proposed structure. The NMR spectra revealed that the average number of monomethyl maleate groups per triglyceride molecule was 2.6. MESO was photopolymerized with ultraviolet light and was free radically homopolymerized and copolymerized with styrene (STY), vinyl acetate (VA), and methylmethacrylate (MMA). MESO was also reacted with maleic anhydride at the newly formed hydroxyl groups to give maleinized MESO, (MESOMA), which now contained 4.9 maleate unsaturations per triglyceride. Dynamic mechanical analysis revealed the dynamic modulus for styrene copolymers of MESO and maleinized MESO as 105 and 140 MPa, respectively. Both of these plant oil derived monomers are good candidates for a practical and economical liquid molding resin. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 103:626-633,2007