There is a new improvement in oncology nearly in every day as a result of preclinical or clinical. As the number of publication per capita, Turkey is far behind the other developed European countries. For example, the number of publications in oncology field is 2.134.964 in the world, it is 15.576 in our country. The most important obstacles for clinical trials in Turkey may be listed as financial problems, difficulties of working conditions, time limitation due to work intensity, inadequate experienced/trained man-power, absence of assistance team at all steps of a scientific trial, difficulties faced during project planning and ethics committee submissions, and lack of motivation. In this article, we, as young oncologists, aimed to discuss the place of Turkey in areas of scientific and clinical trials in the world; underlying causes for inadequate number, type and quality of national studies and possible solution proposals in our country.