Mechanical properties and impact resistance of concrete composites with hybrid steel fibers


ÖZALP F., Yilmaz H. D. , AKÇAY ALDANMAZ B.

FRONTIERS OF STRUCTURAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERING, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11709-022-0828-y
  • Journal Name: FRONTIERS OF STRUCTURAL AND CIVIL ENGINEERING
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Agricultural & Environmental Science Database, Art Source, Compendex, INSPEC, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Keywords: projectile impact, depth of penetration, fracture energy, crater diameter, UHPFRC, HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE, PERFORMANCE, BEHAVIOR, UHPFRC, PLATES
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

The aim of this study is to develop concrete composites that are resistant to armor-piercing projectiles for defense structures. Different reinforcement configurations have been tested, such as short steel fibers, long steel fibers, and steel mesh reinforcement. Three different concrete mix designs were prepared as "Ultra High Performance (UHPFRC), High Performance (HPFRC) and Conventional (CFRC) Fiber Reinforced Concrete". The content of hybrid steel fibers was approximately 5% in the UHPFRC and HPFRC mixtures, while the steel fiber content was approximately 2.5% in the CFRC mixture. In addition, a plain state of each mixture was produced. Mechanical properties of concrete were determined in experimental studies. In addition to the fracture energy and impact strength, two important indicators of ballistic performance of concrete are examined, which are the penetration depth and damage area. The results of the study show that the depth of penetration in UHPFRC was around 35% less than that in HPFRC. It was determined that the mixtures of UHPFRC and HPFRC containing 5% by volume of hybrid steel fibers showed superior performance (smaller crater diameter and the less projectile penetration depth) against armor-piercing projectiles in ballistic tests and could be used in defense structures.