Second Visit of the German Emperor, Kaiser Wilhelm II to the allied Ottoman Empire within the Scope of Weltpolitik (1898)


ORHAN S.

TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH, cilt.7, ss.651-665, 2018 (ESCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier

  • Cilt numarası: 7 Konu: 5
  • Basım Tarihi: 2018
  • Doi Numarası: 10.7596/taksad.v7i5.1890
  • Dergi Adı: TARIH KULTUR VE SANAT ARASTIRMALARI DERGISI-JOURNAL OF HISTORY CULTURE AND ART RESEARCH
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.651-665

Özet

After the resignation of German Chancellor Bismarck from his duty, German foreign policy faced a substantial alteration. Hence the Ottoman lands has become one of the areas of interests, in terms of both politics and social aspects, for Germany which was late in its activities of colonialism. The close relations started between Germany and the Ottoman Empire during the reign of Abdulhamid II, continued until the end of World War I. During this period, German Emperor Wilhelm II visited the lands of Ottoman Empire three times in 1889, 1898 and 1917. Hence, the visits made by Wilhelm II to Ottoman Empire provided the basis for the policy the Emperor followed towards the OttomanEmpire. The most effective and grand visit of Kaiser's visits is the Istanbul and Holy Lands visit He made in 1898. When we look at how it was reflected in German and Ottoman press, it can be understood how grand and busy a visit it was. In this visit, Emperor Wilhelm visited the lands of Haifa, Jarusalem and Damascus, tried to win the affection of the Muslim population in the lands of Ottomans. Kaiser Wilhelm succeeded in impressing Abdulhamid II by showing that he supported Panislamism with this attitude he adopted. With the effect of this visit which strengthened the friendship between two rulers, Germany acquired concessions in terms of telegraph and railway at the borders of Ottoman Empire and there was a significant increase in weapon sales.