Production of Poly(lactic acid)/Organoclay Nanocomposite Scaffolds by Microcompounding and Polymer/Particle Leaching


ÖZKOÇ G. , Kemaloglu S., Quaedflieg M.

POLYMER COMPOSITES, vol.31, no.4, pp.674-683, 2010 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 31 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2010
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/pc.20846
  • Title of Journal : POLYMER COMPOSITES
  • Page Numbers: pp.674-683

Abstract

Organoclay reinforced poly(lactic acid) (PLA)/poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) blend based porous nanocomposite scaffolds are prepared by microcompounding/injection molding and subsequent polymer (PVA)/particle (NaCl) leaching method. The objective of the study is to investigate the effect of clay content on the properties of scaffolds for tissue engineering. It is revealed from X-ray diffraction and TEM studies that incorporation of PVA to PLA matrix as a polymeric porogen enhance the state of dispersion of clay particles resulting in an exfoliated structure. The porosities of all the scaffolds are higher than 70% and the pores are well-interconnected as observed by SEM. The addition of clay to the scaffolds improves the compressive modulus. Differential scanning calorimeter analysis shows that T(g) of neat-PLA is shifted to lower values when it is compounded with PVA. As a result, it is demonstrated that the method applied in this work can be a good candidate for production of polymeric scaffolds for tissue engineering applications. POLYM. COMPOS., 31:674-6683, 2010. (C) 2009 Society of Plastics Engineers