The catalase from Scytalidium thermophilum is a homotetramer containing a heme d in each active site. Although the enzyme has a classical monofunctional catalase fold, it also possesses oxidase activity towards a number of small organics, including catechol and phenol. In order to further investigate this, the crystal structure of the complex of the catalase with the classical catalase inhibitor 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole (3TR) was determined at 1.95 angstrom resolution. Surprisingly, no binding to the heme site was observed; instead, 3TR occupies a binding site corresponding to the NADPH-binding pocket in mammalian catalases at the entrance to a lateral channel leading to the heme. Kinetic analysis of site-directed mutants supports the assignment of this pocket as the binding site for oxidase substrates.