Development of Alumina Supported Alkaline Catalysts Used for Biodiesel Production


İLGEN O. , AKIN A. N.

TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY, vol.33, no.2, pp.281-287, 2009 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 33 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2009
  • Doi Number: 10.3906/kim-0809-29
  • Title of Journal : TURKISH JOURNAL OF CHEMISTRY
  • Page Numbers: pp.281-287

Abstract

The transesterification of canola oil with methanol was studied in a heterogeneous system, using gamma-Al2O3 supported alkaline catalysts. All the catalysts were prepared by incipient-wetness impregnation of an aqueous solution of alkaline compounds on gamma-Al2O3 support. The effects of alkaline compound, methanol/canola oil molar ratio, reaction temperature, catalyst amount, and reaction time in biodiesel production were investigated. The catalyst with KOH loaded on gamma-Al2O3 gave the highest basicity and the best catalytic activity for this reaction. The highest FAME yield obtained was 89.40%.