Vernacular architecture is the houses that were constructed according to experience and shaped by geographical location, climate, tradition and customs, production and consumption forms. The original building materials and the selection of building techniques related to geographical features are the main components to determine authenticity of vernacular architecture. Especially for rural areas, the authenticity of vernacular architectural heritage can only be preserved as a whole with its surroundings and the historical, cultural and traditional values of people who live in. Restoration of a vernacular house using modern technologies and methods should not be sufficient enough to preserve traditional heritage values. In rural areas, the surrounding values and traditions, which identify the definition of vernacular are the characteristics of a house. First of all, officially registered buildings should be fully documented. Plan and material analysis and state of deterioration of the structures should be determined. In the meantime, the cultural aspects of the whole village should be analyzed and recorded. Suggestions for preservation of the whole rural area could then be put forward. By reforming rural life as a new figure to offer alternative ways to urban life style would help to reduce the urban population. Finally, the preservation of the authenticity of vernacular architectural heritage is directly related to economic planning, social processes and politics within a country in general.