Sensing of RF Magnetic Fields Using Zeeman Splitting of Double Radiooptical Resonance and a New Approach to Helmholtz Coil Calibrations

Cakir S., Hamid R., Cetintas M., ÇAKIR G., Sen O.

IEEE SENSORS JOURNAL, vol.12, no.7, pp.2465-2473, 2012 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 12 Issue: 7
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1109/jsen.2012.2192921
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.2465-2473
  • Keywords: Cesium, Helmholtz coil, laser spectroscopy, loop antenna, radio frequency (RF) field, Zeeman sublevels, SYSTEMS, SENSORS, DESIGN
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


We experimentally investigated the resonance interaction of laser, microwave, and radio frequency (RF) fields with Cesium (Cs-133) atomic gas. The observed Zeeman components produced by means of an external static magnetic field on the double radiooptical resonance (DROR) were used as a frequency-adjustable RF field detection sensor based on the laser spectroscopy technique. The change in the RF interaction frequency of Zeeman components with the increasing level of the static magnetic field was investigated and linear dependence of the RF interaction frequency of the Zeeman components on the external static magnetic field was observed. In addition, the change in the amplitude of the Zeeman components with the level of RF fields was investigated and an approximately linear relation in certain regions was detected. We also studied the relation of the Zeeman component amplitudes with laser and microwave powers. Finally, a new approach to Helmholtz coil calibrations by using this atomic sensor is discussed.