Based on the Real-Life Data of Türkiye; Comparison of Anatomical and Functional Outcomes of Phakic and Pseudophakic Patients in Wet Type Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Kaldirim H. E., Ozkaya A., Karabas L., Alagoz C., Alkin Z., Altunay O., ...More

Beyoglu Eye Journal, vol.8, no.2, pp.73-80, 2023 (Scopus) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 8 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.14744/bej.2023.69782
  • Journal Name: Beyoglu Eye Journal
  • Journal Indexes: Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.73-80
  • Keywords: Age-related macular degeneration, phakic eye, pseudophakic eye, real-life data
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Objectives: The aim of the study was comparison of wet-type age-related macular degeneration in phakic and pseudophakic patients in terms of anatomical and functional success based on the real-life data of Türkiye. Methods: The multicenter retrospective real-life study data of the. retinal study group were used in this study. Among 867 eyes of 867 patients were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups according to the status of the lens; phakic group and pseudophakic group. The follow-up period of the two groups, the number of injections at the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years, and changes in the central macular thickness (CMT, µ) and visual acuity (VA, logMAR) of the patients at the beginning, 6th, 12th, 24th, and 36th months were examined. Results: In our study, the number of injections in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd years, respectively, was 4.2±2.0, 1.8±1.9, and 1.0±1.7 in the phakic group, and 3.9±2.0, 1.7±1.9, and 0.8±1.4 in the pseudophakic group. When the two groups were compared in terms of the number of injections, there was a statistically significant difference in the 1st year, but there was no significant difference in the 2nd and 3rd years (p=0.001, p=0.350, and p=0.288, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of CMT in the baseline, 6th, 12th, 24th, and 36th months (p=0.991, p=0.327, p=0.652, p=0.599, and p=0.873, respectively). Although there was no difference in VA between groups at the beginning (p=0.052), the phakic group showed statistically better VA in controls at 3rd, 6th, 12th, 24th, and 36th months (p=0.001, p=0.001, p=0.000, p=0.000, and p=0.003, respectively). Conclusion: Differences in the number of injections and visual results between phakic and pseudophakic patients in wet type AMD may necessitate the creation of different treatment and follow-up protocols.