Internationally accepted good practice in hydropower development requires a value to be defined by "triple conflicts", addressing the combination of environmental, social and economic benefits and energy generated by each project. The strategic role of hydro projects (HPs) needs to be defined at the country, basin, and regional levels. Project risks arise from the complexity and uncertainties of hydro projects, including limited hydrological data and analyses, climate change, uncertain geology, multi-disciplinary and cross-sectional project design, and construction management. But network of flow measurements and engineering hydrology knowledge have not been wide enough to meet the need of the hydrological data and construction in small hydro projects of Turkey. Therefore, the hydro projects have been planned with somehow inadequate data and limited engineering knowledge. This can affect project profitability, energy production efficiency, environmental protection measures as well as the application of the described operation rules.