In this study, morphological and anatomical features of Ornithogalum nutans and O. boucheanum, two relative and morphologically similar species growing in European Turkey, were investigated. These species showed some important anatomical differences with regard to leaf anatomy while they have identical features in stem. The stem anatomy of these two species displays the common properties of monocotyledons. The mesophyll is unifacial and contains monotypic chlorenchyma cells in the leaf of O. nutans. It has no lacunae. The mesophyll in O. boucheanum is equifacial and it has lacunae. This anatomical distinction may be useful for the identification of these similar-looking species.