Thermal behaviors of exotic Z(c) (3900) state in tetraquark approach

Isik I. B., Sundu H., Veliev E.

EUROPEAN PHYSICAL JOURNAL PLUS, vol.135, 2020 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier


The discovery of the charged Zc(3900) exotic resonance with the quantum numbers J P= 1+ has crucial consequences for comprehending the nature ofmulti-quark hadrons. In thiswork, the meson-current coupling constant andmass of Zc state are calculated using the ThermalQCDSumRules method. We suppose that the positively charged state Zc has a quark content c cud and use tetraquark current with the corresponding quantum numbers. We evaluate the two-point correlation function taking into account the non-perturbative condensates up to six-dimension. We found the hot medium contributions to hadronic parameters of the Zc state and exhibit that its meson-current coupling constant and mass are unsusceptible to the change of temperature in low temperature region, but these parameters significantly change in the vicinity of phase transition region. At critical temperature, the meson current-coupling constant reaches approximately to 10% of its vacuum value, while the mass decreases about 28%.