Bladder dysfunction in type 2 diabetic patients

Kebapci N., Yenilmez A., Efe B., Entok E., Demirustu C.

NEUROUROLOGY AND URODYNAMICS, vol.26, no.6, pp.814-819, 2007 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 26 Issue: 6
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/nau.20422
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.814-819
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Aims: To reevaluate urodynamic findings of bladder dysfunction (BD) in type 2 diabetic patients with patient characteristics and concommittant chronic complications. Methods: Patients (M/F:27/27) with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) underwent a detailed urodynamic investigation. Urodynamic findings were classified as diabetic cystopathy [DC, characterized by impaired bladder sensation, increased post-void residual urine (PVR) and increased bladder capacity and decreased bladder contractility], detrusor overactivity, bladder outlet obstruction (BOO), urge and stress urinary incontinence or BD in which one of the alterations was included. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C), diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, sensorimotor, and autonomic neuropathies were evaluated. Results: BD was present in 74.07% of men (DC, 50%; BOO, 25%; detrusor overactivity, 25%) and in 59.26% of diabetic women (DC, 43.75%; detrusor overactivity, 31%; urge incontinence, 12.5%; stress urinary incontinence 12.5%). In men, age, duration of diabetes and HbA1C threshold values predicting BD were >64 years, >9 year, >7.9%, while in women, they were >56 years, >8 years, >7%, respectively. Prolongation of QTc, abnormal esophageal transit and gastric emptying times, diabetic retinopathy, and micro albuminuria were associated with an increased risk of PVR >= 100 ml. Conclusions: DC was the most frequent finding in patients. Ageing, duration of diabetes, worse metabolic control, PVR 100 ml, cardiac, esophageal and gastric parasympathetic autonomic neuropathies, retinopathy, and microalbuminuria provided a means to predict BD in patients in order to investigate by urodynamics. The establishment of DC in at least 8-9 years after the diagnosis of type 2 DM was an important parameter to inform our diabetic patients.