INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH RESEARCH, 2022 (SCI-Expanded)
Developing new drugs from natural products is important for therapeutic effects to minimise tissue toxicity of drugs used in cancer treatment. Eisenia foetida is a worm with a double transport system consisting of coelomic fluid (ECF) that can be used as alternative medicine. It is important to eliminate or reduce the high cytotoxicity of sodium butyrate (NaBu), a chemotherapeutic agent used in breast cancer treatment, for both neoplastic and normal cells. We aimed to evaluate the effect of ECF on the oxidative toxicity induced by NaBu in MCF-7 cells, changes in ROS production levels and expression of cell death and ROS-related genes. It was determined that the expression levels of Bax and Bcl-2 genes remained unchanged, while the amount of ROS decreased significantly in MCF-7 cells exposed to NaBu with ECF. Thus, ECF may be a potential therapeutic molecule with fewer side effects in cancer treatment in the future.