In this study, the reasons and dimensions of relative poverty in Turkey will be studied. It plans to contribute to the solution of this problem by taking the average income per capita as an index, measuring the dimensions of relative poverty in Turkey and identifying the poverty profiles and reasons of relative poverty. The household Budget and Consumption survey conducted by the Turkish Statistical Institute has been taken as the basic data source for this study. The reasons and dimensions of relative poverty in the 21st century Turkey have been measured by comparison to the monthly per capita income in those surveys. According to the results of this study, relative poverty in Turkey is highest among the least educated, temporary workers and the people who are employed on a daily basis, workers who work in jobs that do not require skills, people who are 60 and above and the females among all the related groups.