ARCHITECTURAL FABRIC OF 16th CENTURY THESSALONIKI


Cirpi M. E. , Cincin S. K. , ERDOĞAN N.

3rd International Multidisciplinary Scientific Conference on Social Sciences and Arts, SGEM 2016, Albena, Bulgaria, 24 - 30 August 2016, pp.237-244 identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • City: Albena
  • Country: Bulgaria
  • Page Numbers: pp.237-244

Abstract

Port city of Thessaloniki, since its foundation in 316 BC, has sustained its prestige as an important commercial and settlement center and has developed under the regime of different empires such as Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman. The city served under the Ottoman Empire from 1430 to First Balkan War in 1912. During the Ottoman period, Thessaloniki's Turkish Muslim population has grew. By the start of the 16th century, the boundaries of the Muslim neighbourhoods came to be the largest within the city while the Christian neighbourhoods around important Byzantine monuments started to shrink and shatter. Principal groups of 16th century Thessaloniki, Turkish, Rum and Jewish populations, had settled in different quarters of the city. Thus, the urban fabric of Turkish, Rum and Jewish neighbourhoods were affected by the cultural, social, economic, and religious aspects of their communities. The architectural fabric of 16th century Thessaloniki mainly consisted of the residential fabric with public and religious buildings. This urban settlement in Thessaloniki existed until the start of the 20th century.