Synthesis, characterization and chemical sensor applications of pyreneside-functional polylactidecopolymers


DOĞANCI E.

POLYMER INTERNATIONAL, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Cilt numarası:
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1002/pi.6116
  • Dergi Adı: POLYMER INTERNATIONAL

Özet

A novel polylactide (PLA) polymer containing pyrene side groups (P2) was synthesized and employed as a nitroaromatic compound (NAC) and heavy metal ion (HMI) sensing chemical probe.P2was prepared in a four-step reaction sequence, including azidification, esterification, ring opening polymerization and click reactions. First, an azido functional cyclic carbonate monomer (ADTC) was synthesized and then a copolymer ofl-lactide and ADTC monomers was synthesized to obtain PLA with azido functional groups (P(LA-co-ADTC),P1). Finally,P1was modified with pyrene groups using 'click chemistry' which is a highly effective modification method (P2). The chemical structures and molecular characteristics of the obtained polymers were clearly verified via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, gel permeation chromatography and(1)H NMR analysis techniques and the fluorescence properties were examined via UV-visible and fluorescence spectrometry. The preparedP2polymers were employed as a fluorescent probe towards certain HMI (Zn2+, Hg2+, Mn2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Co2+) compounds and NACs (1,2-dinitrobenzene, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (picric acid, PA), 4-nitrophenol (4-NP), 2,4-dinitrophenol (2,4-DNP), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, 4-nitrotoluene). The fluorescence intensity of theP2polymers was gradually reduced upon the addition of NACs and HMIs. For all compounds, the highest quenching efficiencies were attained in the presence of PA (94.03%), 4-NP (91.11%) and 2,4-DNP (89.08%). Because of its simplicity and sensitivity, the proposedP2polymers can be especially considered as potential chemical probes to detect NACs. (c) 2020 Society of Industrial Chemistry