Mood Detection from Physical and Neurophysical Data Using Deep Learning Models

Creative Commons License

Kilimci Z. H., Guven A., Uysal M., Akyokus S.

COMPLEXITY, vol.2019, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 2019
  • Publication Date: 2019
  • Doi Number: 10.1155/2019/6434578
  • Journal Name: COMPLEXITY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: No


Nowadays, smart devices as a part of daily life collect data about their users with the help of sensors placed on them. Sensor data are usually physical data but mobile applications collect more than physical data like device usage habits and personal interests. Collected data are usually classified as personal, but they contain valuable information about their users when it is analyzed and interpreted. One of the main purposes of personal data analysis is to make predictions about users. Collected data can be divided into two major categories: physical and behavioral data. Behavioral data are also named as neurophysical data. Physical and neurophysical parameters are collected as a part of this study. Physical data contains measurements of the users like heartbeats, sleep quality, energy, movement/mobility parameters. Neurophysical data contain keystroke patterns like typing speed and typing errors. Users' emotional/mood statuses are also investigated by asking daily questions. Six questions are asked to the users daily in order to determine the mood of them. These questions are emotion-attached questions, and depending on the answers, users' emotional states are graded. Our aim is to show that there is a connection between users' physical/neurophysical parameters and mood/emotional conditions. To prove our hypothesis, we collect and measure physical and neurophysical parameters of 15 users for 1 year. The novelty of this work to the literature is the usage of both combinations of physical and neurophysical parameters. Another novelty is that the emotion classification task is performed by both conventional machine learning algorithms and deep learning models. For this purpose, Feedforward Neural Network (FFNN), Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural network are employed as deep learning methodologies. Multinomial Naive Bayes (MNB), Support Vector Regression (SVR), Decision Tree (DT), Random Forest (RF), and Decision Integration Strategy (DIS) are evaluated as conventional machine learning algorithms. To the best of our knowledge, this is the very first attempt to analyze the neurophysical conditions of the users by evaluating deep learning models for mood analysis and enriching physical characteristics with neurophysical parameters. Experiment results demonstrate that the utilization of deep learning methodologies and the combination of both physical and neurophysical parameters enhances the classification success of the system to interpret the mood of the users. A wide range of comparative and extensive experiments shows that the proposed model exhibits noteworthy results compared to the state-of-art studies.