Biodiesel production from waste sunflower oil by using Amberlyst 46 as a catalyst


Senoymak M. İ. , İLGEN O.

ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, cilt.38, ss.3139-3143, 2016 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 38 Konu: 21
  • Basım Tarihi: 2016
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/15567036.2015.1136975
  • Dergi Adı: ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.3139-3143

Özet

In this study, simultaneous transesterification and esterification of high acid value sunflower oil to fatty acid methyl esters was studied using Amberlyst 46 as a heterogeneous catalyst. The influence of reaction conditions such as molar ratio of methanol/oil, reaction time, and reaction temperature was investigated. The highest fatty acids methyl esters yield of 75.8% was obtained in presence of 6 wt% oleic acid content under reaction conditions of 20 wt% Amberlyst 46 catalyst amount, 6/1 methanol/oil molar ratio, reaction temperature of 130 degrees C, and reaction time of 10 h.