Does Q-MIX pretreatment improve the dentin bond durability of a two-step self-etch adhesive?


Tuncer S., Tekçe N. , Demirci M., Kara T., Baydemir C.

Microscopy research and technique, 2020 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume:
  • Publication Date: 2020
  • Doi Number: 10.1002/jemt.23640
  • Title of Journal : Microscopy research and technique

Abstract

This study aims to analyze and assess the effects of three particular dentin pretreatment solutions on the bond durability of a two-step self-etch adhesive (Optibond XTR) applied to dentin after ageing for 2 years. Thirty-five third molars which were extracted (n = 5 for mu TBS, n = 2 for nanoleakage) were divided into five groups: Group 1:Control (no pretreatment), Group 2:17% EDTA, Group 3:2% CHX, Group 4:17% EDTA plus 2% CHX, Group 5: Q-Mix. After the pretreatments of dentin, the dentin adhesive was applied as per the guidelines provided by the manufacturer. Half of the specimens were subjected to mu TBS tests for 24 hr, while the remaining half were subjected to the tests after being kept for 2 years in water storage. Also, nanoleakage was evaluated with FE-SEM by examining silver nitrate deposits. The data obtained were evaluated using a two-way analysis of variance and Tukey Post Hoc test. The dentin pretreatments did not affect the 24 hr and 2 years mu TBS values for OptiBond XTR. At 24 hr, the EDTA + CHX group (50.3 +/- 4.9) showed that the highest mu TBS value was obtained. Water ageing significantly reduced the mu TBS results and after 2 years the highest mu TBS value was obtained from the Q-Mix group (37.7 +/- 5.2). Different dentin pretreatments do not alter the 24-hr mu TBS and were not able to preserve the bond strength after 2 years of ageing. Q-Mix was able to slow down the regression in the strength of the dentin bond as well as nanoleakage over time.