Compactibility and sintering behavior of nanocrystalline (Th1-x,Ce-x)O-2 powders synthesized by co-precipitation process

Yidiz O., Modolo G., Telle R.

JOURNAL OF NUCLEAR MATERIALS, vol.377, no.2, pp.396-400, 2008 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 377 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2008
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jnucmat.2008.02.093
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.396-400
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


Thoria (ThO2) based ceramic material is a versatile and very important matrix for immobilization of plutonium and other tetravalent actinides either as a burning or a deposition material for final disposal. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the actinide concentration (simulated with cerium), the fabrication conditions and the properties of the produced powders on the compactibility and sinterability of the final products. The (Th1-xCex)O-2 powders with ceria concentration varying from 5 to 50 mol% were synthesized by co-precipitation method. The pellets were then compacted from calcined and ground powders at pressures varying from 250 to 750 MPa. The produced pellets had a homogenous grain size and sintered densities of 0.88% to 0.95% TD, respectively. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.