Atomic Comagnetometer Gyroscopes for Inertial Navigation Systems: A Review

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Karabi̇Naoğlu M. S., ÇAKIR B., Başoğlu M. E.

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences, vol.32, no.2, pp.305-319, 2024 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 32 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.55730/1300-0632.4070
  • Journal Name: Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Applied Science & Technology Source, Compendex, INSPEC, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.305-319
  • Keywords: atomic sensor, comagnetometer gyroscope, Inertial navigation, SERF CG
  • Kocaeli University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, developments in quantum sensing, laser, and atomic sensor technologies have also enabled advancement in the field of quantum navigation. Atomic-based gyroscopes have emerged as one of the most critical atomic sensors in this respect. In this review, a brief technology statement of spin exchange relaxation free (SERF) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) type atomic comagnetometer gyroscope (CG) is presented. Related studies in the literature have been gathered, and the fundamental compositions of CGs with technical basics are presented. A comparison of SERF and NMR CGs is provided. A basic simulation of SERF CG was carried out because of its high theoretic bias stability limit. Besides, some highly critical challenges for CGs were examined and reported with compensation methods. The objective of this review is to offer a guide for researchers to develop high-precision atomic gyroscopes and to encourage further research.